02-11-2008, 01:52 AM
What is the name of the genitic blood disorder that occurs during prenancy, its when the baby is born with a different type of blood than the mother causing her white blood cells to try and destroy the baby
02-11-2008, 04:40 AM
First of all, the baby makes its own blood. Once the baby begins to grow, it
forms its own bones, skin, hair, etc. and also begins making blood. The
blood type (ie, A, B, AB, or O) is determined by both parents. Type A and
Type B are both dominant, which means that if they are there, they will show
up. Type O blood is recessive, which means that both parents have to give
the baby an O type gene for it to have type O blood. If the baby gets and O
gene from one parent and a B gene from the other, it will have type B blood
and the O is "hidden". If one gives a B and the other an A the baby will be
type AB. Anyway, no blood passes through the umbilical cord. Only nutrients
and oxygen are small enough to pass through the filters in the cord.
However, during birth, the placenta detaches from the womb and some bleeding
occurs. Only at this time can blood from the BABY get into the mother's
blood stream. If the baby has a different blood type than the mother, she
will make antibodies to the baby's blood. So there is usually no problem
during the first pregnancy. NEXT time she gets pregnant, if the baby is a
different blood type than the mother, the antibodies that she made during the
first birth can cross the umbilical cord into the baby (because they are
small enough) and hurt the baby. But there are shots that can be given
during the first birth that can "suck up" all the baby's blood cells so that
the mother does not make antibodies to them. The only time something could
happen to the first baby is if the placenta detaches partially and some
bleeding is going on, but not enough to cause miscarriage. This is rare.
This is from a US Gov Website
02-11-2008, 04:56 AM
Could you be thinking of "the Rh factor"?:confused:
02-11-2008, 10:36 PM
I also believe you are thinking of the Rh factor. Rh factor is significant only when the mother is Rh - and the father is Rh +. This normally does not affect the first child. During labor both the mother and baby's blood can mix and therefore the mother's immune system will make antibodies against it. It poses a problem when trying to conceive a second child. There is a medicine to give the mother in order to prevent spontaneous abortion or other problems due to the Rh factor.
I hope that helps!
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